The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland centered in the base of the neck and is responsible for making hormones that balance our growth, development, metabolism, and energy. It regulates our metabolic rate and body temperature. There are varying types of thyroid disorders – an overactive thyroid, known as hyperthyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, known as hypothyroidism. A thyroid disorder can affect weight gain or loss, thinning hair, energy, joint pain, anxiety, depression, and sleep, amongst other things.
Thyroid imbalances occur when your thyroid hormone production is reduced or excessive. The primary hormones involved in this process are thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4). TSH is responsible for telling your thyroid to make and release hormones T3 and T4 into your blood, where they regulate many other functions. Nutrient deficiencies, liver disorders, or autoimmune disease can affect this process.
The American Thyroid Association estimates that 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease, and up to 60 percent of these people are unaware of their condition. At VitaHealth, we have years of experience with treating thyroid disorders. We understand the frustration often felt by patients between the confusion of lab results and the ongoing symptoms that never seem to go away or even worsen over time. We want to help you understand your thyroid and help balance your body’s process to get you feeling like yourself again.